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1. CANADA - CIC has begun accepting Business Incubator Stream applications.
2. FRANCE - The procedure for trainees whose qualifying period is less than three months has been eased.
3. INDIA - One chamber of the Indian Parliament has proposed amendments to "Overseas Citizen of India" status. If passed into law, among other things, "Overseas Citizen of India" status will be known as "Overseas Indian Cardholder" instead.
4. NETHERLANDS - A new permit category was introduced for high net worth individuals; the government is introducing additional work permit exemptions; and new conditions have been added to salary payment for the highly skilled migrant residence permit.
5. PERU - A new law establishes a procedure to regularize the residence of foreigners who are in irregular immigration status.
6. SCHENGEN AREA - A new European regulation clarifies the calculation of the authorized length of short-term stays in the European Union (new "90-day rule") and amends other rules.
7. TURKEY - A new Residence Permit Law will overhaul immigration in Turkey.
8. UNITED KINGDOM - Various new developments have been announced.
9. New Publications and Items of Interest - New Publications and Items of Interest
10. Member News - Member News
 

 
 
1. CANADA
 

CIC has begun accepting Business Incubator Stream applications.

New Business Incubator Stream for Entrepreneurs

Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) began accepting applications under Canada's new Business Incubator Stream on October 26, 2013. The Business Incubator Stream aims to attract entrepreneurs to Canada and connect them with accredited "business incubators." Introduced by Minister of Citizenship and Immigration Chris Alexander, the Business Incubator Stream forms part of the existing Start-Up Visa Program, which was launched on April 1, 2013, as a five-year pilot program with a maximum of 2,750 applications annually. The Start-Up Visa Program includes three streams: the Venture Capital Stream, the Angel Investor Stream, and now the Business Incubator Stream.

The new Business Incubator Stream, like the existing Venture Capital and Angel Investor Streams, features a major role for the private sector in the immigration process. To create the Business Incubator Stream, CIC partnered with the Canadian Association of Business Incubation, which designates business incubators. Interested entrepreneurs may apply directly to one of the designated business incubators, which include Communitech, GrowLab, Innovacorp, Innovate Calgary, and the Toronto Business Development Centre. Applicants may apply as single entrepreneurs or as teams of entrepreneurs with a maximum of five members. The designated business incubators provide business mentorship to selected start-ups, with the objective of permitting the start-ups to grow into sustainable businesses.

Under the Business Incubator Stream, the designated business incubators evaluate applicants' business proposals for viability, assessing their business plans, financial documents, founder biographies, and other relevant information. When the designated business incubators accept a proposal, they forward a letter of support to CIC in favor of the applicant's permanent residence application. Unlike the Venture Capital and Angel Investor Streams, the Business Incubator Stream does not require any financial investment by a third party. In addition to acceptance by a designated business incubator, applicants must meet certain program eligibility criteria, including the minimum requirements for language competency in English or French, minimum education requirements, and minimum settlement funds. Although the designated business incubators approve or refuse the business proposals, CIC makes the final decision on the permanent residence applications.

 
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2. FRANCE
 

The procedure for trainees whose qualifying period is less than three months has been eased.

An internal and unpublished instruction sent to local labor authorities (DIRECCTE) facilitates the processing of short-term (less than three months) training, otherwise regulated by the circular NOR IMI0900079C.

To facilitate the authorization procedure for trainees whose training in France is for a period of less than three months and reduce the processing time, it is no longer necessary to seek the prior authorization of the local labor authorities (Direction Régionale des Entreprises, de la Concurrence, de la Consommation, du Travail et de l’Emploi de la Consommation, du Travail et de l’Emploi, or DIRECCTE).

The execution of a written training agreement remains necessary. However, verification of internship agreements will be made now as follows:

  • If the foreign national needs a visa to enter France, the consulate issuing the short-stay visa in the home country will verify the agreement and inform DIRECCTE.
  • If the foreign national does not need a visa, the employer should submit a copy of the agreement to DIRECCTE before the training starts.
The relevant authorities will then inform the labor inspectorate. An audit of the training will be conducted as part of an ordinary labor inspection of the company.
 
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3. INDIA
 

One chamber of the Indian Parliament has proposed amendments to "Overseas Citizen of India" status. If passed into law, among other things, "Overseas Citizen of India" status will be known as "Overseas Indian Cardholder" instead.

The proposed amendments are being made to the Citizenship Act, 1955 (Act), which provides for the acquisition and determination of Indian citizenship, the procedure for registration as an Overseas Citizen of India (OCI), and renunciation and  termination of citizenship under certain circumstances. The Act has been amended occasionally relating to registration and renunciation of OCI status.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2013 (Bill) was passed by the Council of States of the Indian Parliament (the Rajya Sabha, or the Upper House) on August 13, 2013. It awaits approval of the House of the People of the Indian Parliament (Lok Sabha, or the Lower House) and presidential assent before it is enforced and the provisions are incorporated in the Act. The Bill has been introduced mainly to address shortfalls that were noticed during implementation of the Act and to review the provisions relating to OCIs.

The Bill proposes the following changes:

  • The Bill replaces the words "overseas citizen of India" with the words "overseas Indian cardholder" (OIC). An overseas Indian cardholder is defined as a person registered as an overseas Indian cardholder by the central government under section 7A.
  • The Bill enlarges the categories of persons eligible for OIC. It proposes to include (i) a great-grandchild of any person who was a citizen of India; (ii) a minor child of parents, both of whom are, or one of whom is, a citizen of India; and (iii) a spouse of an Indian citizen who has been married for at least two years before making the application for registration.
  • The Bill also sought an amendment to bring within the scope of citizenship a person "who is ordinarily a resident" instead of the person who has been residing in India for a specific period
  • The registration of the spouse of an Indian citizen will be canceled if (i) the marriage has been dissolved by a competent court; or (ii) during the subsistence of such marriage, the spouse has married any other person.
  • If a person renounces his or her overseas Indian card, his or her spouse and minor child will also cease to be an OIC.
  • The central government may relax the requirement of being a resident in India for 12 months as one of the qualifications for a certificate of naturalization. This period cannot be extended beyond a period of 30 days.

There is no certainty regarding the time frame within which the Bill will be brought into force. Although the purpose of the amendment seems to be to correct the lacunae in the Act, it has, in a way, demoted the status of an OCI from being an overseas "citizen" to a mere cardholder. Although an OCI has never had full privileges of Indian citizenship, such as the right to vote, when the law was initially passed, OCI status was thought to be a first step toward dual citizenship. Further, by bringing the spouse and the minor child within the ambit of an OIC and by making registration for them compulsory, the whole purpose of easy and fast implementation of the OCI process is defeated.

 
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4. NETHERLANDS
 

A new permit category was introduced for high net worth individuals; the government is introducing additional work permit exemptions; and new conditions have been added to salary payment for the highly skilled migrant residence permit.

New Residence Permit for High Net Worth Individuals

A new permit category was introduced on October 1, 2013. Foreign nationals investing funds above the threshold amount of EUR 1,250,000 into a company established in the Netherlands now may qualify for a residence permit. The Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs will assess whether the company in which the amount is invested is of "added value to the Dutch economy." The applicant must possess a declaration that the amount that is invested is "not of dishonest provenance." The declaration must be issued by an internationally operating Dutch accounting firm. The residence permit will be issued for one year and can be renewed. Seen as a "pure" investor permit, the new measure's effectiveness is expected to depend on the Ministry of Economic Affairs' interpretation of "added value."

New Work Permit Exemptions

The government is introducing additional work permit exemptions on January 1, 2014. Currently, foreign staff attending an in-house company training in the Netherlands are not exempted from the work permit requirement. This will change for multinational organizations transferring employees to their Dutch establishments for certain training purposes. The maximum period for this work permit exemption is 12 uninterrupted weeks in a period of 36 weeks.

The work permit exemption for the purpose of business meetings will also change. Business meetings under the current regulation are allowed for 4 weeks, interrupted or not, in a period of 13 weeks. This will change to 13 uninterrupted weeks in a period of 52 weeks. Due to the addition of "uninterrupted," this change could work out in practice as an important limitation on the existing possibilities. The new rule allows business visitors only one business trip to the Netherlands per year, whereas under the old rule several trips were allowed. The government has not explained why the new rule was formulated in this way. The general view is that the addition of "uninterrupted" was a legislative fluke that should be corrected as soon as possible.

An exemption is also being introduced for accompanying staff of performing artists and sports professionals.

Highly Skilled Migrant Scheme

Additional conditions concerning salary payment will take effect January 1, 2014, for the highly skilled migrant residence permit. The main condition to meet the gross annual salary threshold is changed to a monthly salary threshold. The highly skilled migrant must receive the applicable amount (excluding 8% holiday pay, which can still be paid annually) monthly in his or her bank account. The change is expected to affect highly skilled migrants wanting to take unpaid sabbatical leave, and other types of unpaid leave such as parental leave.

 
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5. PERU
 

A new law establishes a procedure to regularize the residence of foreigners who are in irregular immigration status.

On November 8, 2013, Law No. 30103 was published in the Official Gazette of Peru. The new law establishes a procedure to regularize the immigration status of foreign nationals who entered Peruvian territory before January 1, 2012. The law provides for either a temporary or a resident visa under determined immigration status if they have been in an irregular immigration status in Peru.

Deadline and Where To Apply for Immigration Regularization

The deadline to apply is 180 calendar days since the law has been in force.

The application must be filed before the National Superintendence of Migration (MIGRACIONES), with the required documentation applicable to the foreign national.

Assumptions of Irregularity

It is considered "irregular migratory status" if a foreign national has entered Peru legally but has an expired stay authorization or expired resident permit.

Granting of the Resident Visa

MIGRACIONES will provide to an eligible foreign applicant a resident visa for a maximum period of two years the immigration status of worker (WRA), independent professional (IPA), or familiar resident, as applicable. The resident permit is renewable annually, subject to compliance with requirements under immigration law.

After approval of the resident visa, the foreign national will be registered at the Central Register of Foreigners and his or her foreign card will be issued, provided that the requirements under the TUPA (Unique Text of Administrative Proceedings) have been complied with and required fees have been paid.

Reserve Assumptions for Enforcement

Peru, through MIGRACIONES, reserves the right to reject an applicant for a resident visa if the agency determines that his or her presence is a detriment to Peru's sovereign interests, or a national security or internal order risk, based on a background check and information provided by INTERPOL, the judiciary, or other entities, as appropriate.

MERCOSUR Citizens

Foreigners with irregular immigration status belonging to MERCOSUR countries may opt to apply the "Agreement on Residence for Nationals of State Parties of MERCOSUR, Bolivia and Chile," signed on December 6, 2002.

Assumptions of Exception in the Scope of the Law

Not included in the scope of the new law are cases of foreign citizens who, having been ordered to leave, never left the country or have returned without authorization, and those who have an enforceable and final judgment of expulsion after serving a custodial sentence.

Regulations and Validity

The Peruvian government must issue regulations within 60 calendar days of enactment of the law, which took effect November 9, 2013.

 
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6. SCHENGEN AREA
 

A new European regulation clarifies the calculation of the authorized length of short-term stays in the European Union (new "90-day rule") and amends other rules.

European Union (EU) legislation defines a short-term stay as residence up to "three months during the six months following the date of first entry." This wording has led to interpretation problems.

A recent European Regulation of June 26, 2013 (Regulation 610/2013) amended the Schengen Borders Code and the Schengen Agreement by replacing the reference to "three months during the six months following the date of first entry" with "90 days in any 180-day period." The aim of the new wording is to install "clear, simple and harmonized rules" with regard to the "calculation of the authorized length of short-term stays in the [EU]."

One of the amended articles is article 5, para. 1, introductory part, of the Schengen Borders Code. In this same article a new para. 1a is inserted:

1. For intended stays on the territory of the Member States of a duration of no more than 90 days in any 180-day period, which entails considering the 180-day period preceding each day of stay, the entry conditions for third-country nationals shall be the following:

....

1a. For the purposes of implementing paragraph 1, the date of entry shall be considered as the first day of stay on the territory of the Member States and the date of exit shall be considered as the last day of stay on the territory of the Member States. Periods of stay authorized under a residence permit or a long-stay visa shall not be taken into account in the calculation of the duration of stay on the territory of the Member States." (Emphasis added.)

All amended articles with regard to the new 90-day rule took effect on October 18, 2013.

Regulation 610/2013 has also amended other rules, already effective as of July 19, 2013. One of these rules is article 5, para. 1(a) of the Schengen Borders Code, pursuant to which the short-term stay entry conditions relating to a valid travel document have been modified. Under the new rules, the required valid travel document not only must entitle the holder to cross the border, but also must (i) be valid "at least three months after the intended date of departure from the territory of the Member States" and (ii) "have been issued within the previous 10 years." The first of the two requirements may be waived in a “justified case of emergency.”

 
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7. TURKEY
 

A new Residence Permit Law will overhaul immigration in Turkey.

On April 11, 2013, Law No. 6458, Law on Foreigners and International Protection, was published in the official gazette of Turkey and will take effect in one year. This new law will make vast changes to residence permit eligibility and procedure, and will create a new governmental office.

The changes span a wide variety of issues, including the requirements for residing and working in Turkey, protection of victims of human trafficking, changes in business visitor rules, procedures and categories of residence status, grounds for deportation, and processing of refugees. Changes include the extension of the 90-out-of-180-day rule for tourists to business visitors. Also, sticker visas obtained at the border will only be valid for 15 days. The rule to apply for a residence permit within 30 days of entry will be extended to 90 days. The renewal of residence permits will be accepted for filing at a much earlier period of 60 days before expiration. Also, a new provision will allow the initial filing of residence permits at consular posts.

Significantly, new categories of resident permit eligibilities will be created, including for those who will open a business or buy real estate in Turkey. The law also requires the creation of a new Administration General Directorate of Migration under the Ministry of Interior, which is underway.

Residence Permits

Until April 11, 2014, residence permits are being handled by the local and regional Police Departments under the Interior Ministry. With the new law, this process will be moved to the new Directorate of Migration, as well as to consular posts for certain applications. The new Directorate will establish new offices under the governor's and district governor's offices around Turkey.

New categories of residence permits include short-term, long-term, family, student, humanitarian, and victims of human trafficking.

According to the new law, a foreigner must seek a residence permit in an appropriate category if he or she intends to remain in Turkey more than 90 days. This is an expansion of the previous 30-day rule. Short-Term Residence Permits will be valid up to one year. The new Long-Term Permit appears to have some similarities to a U.S. green card. This type of permit will require that the person has already resided legally and continuously in Turkey for at least eight years, shown that he or she has not required public assistance for the last three years, provided evidence of financial self-support (including health insurance), and not be a threat to public order or security.

Procedurally, the new law indicates that those applying for new residence permits must do so at a Turkish consular post in the applicant's home country. For those who already have a current, valid residence permit, extensions must be filed with the new Directorate officials at the local governor's office.

The new law stipulates that if a person is granted a work permit, he or she no longer must obtain a separate residence permit. This will be a relief to international assignees who have dealt with tremendous delays in residence permit issuance due to massive backlogs of applications at the local police departments in many municipal locations.

Deportation and Ban on Reentry

The law also creates new harsher procedures and penalties for deportation and a ban on the re-entry of foreigners who are out of status or not abiding by the terms of their stay. The ban may be up to five years in some circumstances such as overstaying, and up to 10 years if the person is deemed a "security threat."

Protection of Refugees and Victims of Human Trafficking

The new law also better protects refugees and victims of human trafficking. It is a significant step for Turkey's protection of human rights, particularly considering the refugee flow into Turkey from neighboring countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Iran. Under the new law, Turkey will not be able to return foreigners to countries where they will be subject to torture or inhumane treatment.

The new law indicates Turkey's awareness of the need to overhaul its management of foreigners. As Turkey's economy has grown, it is now a leading location in the region for expatriates of many international companies, as well as a prime location for new investment. As a result, the number of foreigners needing work permits has grown exponentially. Also, based on its location bordering several countries in turmoil, the processing of refugees has become a growing problem. Further detailed guidance is sorely needed well in advance of the April 11, 2014, implementation deadline.

 
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8. UNITED KINGDOM
 

Various new developments have been announced.

Home Office Launches Consultation on Charging Fees

On November 12, 2013, the Home Office launched a three-week consultation to review proposed changes to the charging principles. As part of the consultation, the Home Office sought views on how it charges customers and the services it provides. The last consultation on charging was carried out in 2009. This was a good opportunity for stakeholders to have their voice heard.

One area where the Home Office is focusing its attention is the introduction of premium or business support services to improve the customer experience, both at the application stage and when passing through UK immigration control. Examples of appropriate services were requested together with the fee that should be levied. The extension of mobile services was given as an example; it is possible for UK-based applicants to pay £6,000 for a super premium service, where officers visit the applicant's premises to enroll biometrics.

Other questions in the consultation included:

  • Should customers have an option to pay for individual premium services or should they have to sign up for the full premium end-to-end package? A premium customer service for sponsors under the Points Based System (PBS) was introduced in 2012. Under this scheme, businesses may sign up for a tailored service for Home Office assistance with the processing of their PBS applications for an annual fee of £25,000, or a more restricted service for smaller companies for £8,000.
  • Should some application types continue to attract lower-than-cost fees? For example, should the UK charge lower fees for visitor applications because the UK wishes to attract tourists and needs to consider what other countries are charging? Similarly, should some applications, such as those for settlement, attract higher-than-cost fees where the applicant will obtain a significant benefit?
  • Finally, the Home Office said it would like views on its proposal within the immigration bill to introduce a revised charging framework. At present, it is possible to increase or introduce new fees only once a year in April. However, if the Home Office introduces new schemes, like the Registered Travellers Scheme or the GREAT club scheme (more about this below), they will need flexibility to levy a fee for these services at the point of introduction.

Changes to Document Requirements

As of October 28, 2013, applicants applying by post for extensions of stay, settlement, or British citizenship in the UK by virtue of their marriage or relationship with a British person or a person present and settled in the UK, no longer must submit the original passport of the British national when applying by post, but may submit a copy.

Home Office Targets Business Travelers with New Premium Visa Services

On November 6, 2013, the British government announced the launch of the GREAT Club, an invitation-only service providing top business executives with bespoke support from UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI). The Club will begin a 12-month pilot program in 2014 that will target approximately 100 global business leaders who have established connections to the UK. Participants will be provided with an account manager to ensure that their visa and immigration service is "swift and smooth." The account manager will also be able to arrange visas "tailored to each individual's needs at no extra cost." The British government announced that over the next 12 months, additional improvements will include:

  • Expanding the priority (three- to five-day) visa service from 67 countries to over 90 countries by spring 2014
  • Expanding the same-day visa service, currently available in India and soon to be available in China, to several further key locations by the end of 2014
  • Introducing a VIP mobile visa service to India and piloting Passport Pass-Back service in southern India with a view to expanding it countrywide if successful.

Changes to Guidance on Prevention of Illegal Work

The Home Office published an updated version of its guide for employers on preventing illegal work in the UK. This version, published in October 2013, replaces the previous one published in May 2012.

The main changes noted in the guide include:

  • The main changes noted in the guide include:
  • Work restrictions imposed on Croatian nationals effective July 1, 2013; and
  • Information on the government's Fast Payment Option for paying a civil penalty.

The guidance also contains details on an additional circumstance in which the sponsor license can be revoked when a civil penalty is received.

New "Streamlined" UK Visa Services Announced for China

The Home Office has announced the following enhanced and streamlined services for processing UK visa applications in China:

  • A 24-hour visa service is to be introduced for regular and business visitor applicants by the summer of 2014. The new super priority visa service will be in addition to the current priority (three- to five-day) service, allowing visas to be processed in 24 hours. 
  • The VIP Mobile Visa Service is to be extended across China. The service was launched in April 2013, covering Beijing and Shanghai, and allows senior executives to arrange for their applications and biometric details to be taken by a Home Office team at their offices instead of attending a Visa Application Centre.
  • UK and Schengen visa application processes are to be further aligned. A pilot scheme was launched in November 2013 with selected travel agents for Approved Destination Status tour groups who are visiting both Schengen countries and the UK. These agents will able to make offline applications for tour groups, using Schengen visa application forms with a short addendum form. This is aimed at reducing duplication of the forms and supporting documents required for those traveling to the UK and within Europe.

This change will extend the elements of UK and Schengen processes, already aligned in China, including some application centers and the Passport Pass-Back service, which allow applications to be considered simultaneously.

New Immigration Bill

On October 10, 2013, the Home Office published a bill to continue its reforms to the immigration system. Subject to its parliamentary progress, the bill is expected to receive royal assent in spring 2014. The main provisions cover:

  • Private landlords—Landlords will be required to check the immigration status of their tenants, to prevent those with no right to live in the UK from accessing private rented accommodation. This will also apply to those who sublet or take in lodgers. The government will publish a draft code of practice for the operation of the civil penalty regime, which will include guidance for landlords and draft regulations setting out the status documents that landlords must check. Subject to parliamentary approval, the intention is that the scheme will be implemented beginning in October 2014. It will not apply to existing tenancies; landlords will only have to conduct checks on new tenants. 
  • National Health Service charges—Fees are being introduced to ensure that non-European Economic Area nationals contribute toward the National Health Service care that will be available to them during their stay in the UK. This will be a health surcharge payable as a precondition of entry clearance or limited leave to remain for those migrants residing in the UK for more than six months. It will be payable at the same time as the fee for an entry clearance application or a fee for a leave to remain application. Exemptions will apply to those seeking asylum or humanitarian protection, among others (it is not yet known who will fall within the "among others" group). The government will produce secondary legislation to set out which groups will be required to pay the surcharge, to set the level of the surcharge, and to provide further information on how it will operate.
  • Driving licenses—New powers to check driving license applicants' immigration status before issuing a license, and revoking licenses where immigrants are found to have overstayed in the UK.
  • Bank accounts—Banks and building societies will be required to check identifying data against a database of known immigration offenders before opening new client bank accounts.
  • Sham marriages—New provisions will clamp down on people who try to gain an immigration advantage by entering into a sham marriage or civil partnership.
  • Restrictions on appeal rights—The number of decisions that can be appealed will be cut from 17 to four, preserving appeals for those asserting fundamental rights.
  • Extending the number of non-suspensive appeals—Where there is no risk of serious irreversible harm, foreign criminals will be deported first and have their appeals heard later.
  • Article 8 provisions—New provisions will ensure that the courts consider Parliament's view of what the public interest requires when considering Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights in immigration cases.
 
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9. New Publications and Items of Interest
 

Several ABIL members co-authored and edited the Global Business Immigration Practice Guide, released by LexisNexis. The Practice Guide is a one-stop resource for dealing with questions related to business immigration issues in immigration hotspots around the world.

Latchi Delchev, a global mobility and immigration specialist for Boeing, called the guide "first-rate" and said the key strong point of the book is its "outstanding usability." She said she highly recommends the book and notes that it "is helpful even to seasoned professionals, as it provides a level of detail which is not easily gained from daily case management.

Mireya Serra-Janer, head of European immigration for a multinational IT company, says she particularly likes "the fact that the [guide] focuses not just on each country's immigration law itself but also addresses related matters such as tax and social security issues." She noted that the India chapter "is particularly good. The immigration regulations in India have always been hard to understand. Having a clear explanation of the rules there helps us sort out many mobility challenges.'

This comprehensive guide is designed to be used by:

  • Human resources professionals and in-house attorneys who need to instruct, understand, and liaise with immigration lawyers licensed in other countries;
  • Business immigration attorneys who regularly work with multinational corporations and their employees and HR professionals; and
  • Attorneys interested in expanding their practice to include global business immigration services.

This publication provides:

  • An overview of the immigration law requirements and procedures for over 20 countries;
  • Practical information and tips for obtaining visas, work permits, resident status, naturalization, and other nonimmigrant and immigrant pathways to conducting business, investing, and working in those countries;
  • A general overview of the appropriate options for a particular employee; and
  • Information on how an employee can obtain and maintain authorization to work in a target country.

Each chapter follows a similar format, making it easy to compare practices and procedures from country to country. Useful links to additional resources and forms are included. Collected in this Practice Guide, the expertise of ABIL's attorney members across the globe will serve as an ideal starting point in your research into global business immigration issues.

Order HERE. International customers who do not want to order through the bookstore can order through Nicole Hahn at (518) 487-3004 or Nicole.hahn@lexisnexis.com.

ABIL on Twitter. The Alliance of Business Immigration Lawyers is now available on Twitter: @ABILImmigration. Recent ABIL member blogs are available on the ABIL Blog.

 
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10. Member News
 

Several ABIL Global members spoke at the 6th Biennial Global Immigration Conference, held November 20-22, 2013, at the May Fair Hotel in London, England. The conference was presented by the International Bar Association's Immigration and Nationality Law Committee. Topics and ABIL panelists included:

BRICS Countries and the Emerging Markets:

Current European Immigration Scene—Applying the EU Blue Card: Are We Getting Mobility of the Highly Skilled Employee?:

Entrepreneur/Investor Programs and Economic Citizenship:

Global Transfers, Skilled Workers, Highly Skilled, Employer Compliance:

Immigration—Clash of Cultures:

Jacqueline Bart has provided a corporate immigration practice area review for Who's Who Legal.

Eugene Chow spoke about "Acquisition of Chinese Nationality in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Expatriation Under U.S. Law" at the Union Internationale Des Avocats' 57th Congress Conference held from October 31 to November 4, 2013, in Macau.

Mr. Chow also spoke on two panels at the Immigration Investment Summit held in Hong Kong on November 11-12, 2013: "The USA's EB-5 Investor Scheme: Regional Centre vs. Individual Investments" and "What the HNWI [High Net Worth Individual] Needs to Know About Global Taxation and Expatriation."

Steve Clark spoke on the "U.S. EB-5 Investors Program" at the Massachusetts Bar Association on November 14, 2013.

Laura Danielson spoke on Chinese nationality laws at the Union Internationale Des Avocats' 57th Congress Conference held October 31 to November 4, 2013, in Macau.

Ms. Danielson spoke at the 2013 Investment Immigration Summit held November 11- 12, 2013, in Hong Kong on "Proving Lawful Source of Funds as an Immigrant Investor."

Ms. Danielson spoke on hot topics in Chinese immigration laws at the 6th Biennial International Bar Association Immigration and Nationality Law Conference held November 21-22, 2013, in London, England.

Mark Ivener has co-authored "Taxing Decisions: EB-5 Investor Visa and U.S. Tax Issues," published in the Fall 2013 edition of The Practical Tax Lawyer. The article includes a Regional Center EB-5 Immigrant Investor Flowchart.

H. Ronald Klasko wrote "Perspectives on the China Market: Part 2".

Mr. Klasko recently spoke on "Options for Developers Seeking Capital under the EB-5 Program" for EB-5 Investment Report Magazine's educational Dialogue Series webcast. Mr. Klasko discussed what a regional center is and how to create one, and also explained different investment models, differences between individual EB-5 and regional center EB-5, the USCIS application process, and more.

Mr. Klasko recently spoke at the 46th Annual Immigration & Naturalization Institute in New York City. Mr. Klasko presented "Challenges to Entrepreneurs Coming to the United States." The Institute examined key immigration trends and what is likely to happen with immigration legislation in the coming months.

Robert Loughran presented a legislative and administrative update for FosterQuan's semi-annual Immigration Update seminar in Austin, Texas, on October 10, 2013. Topics included breaking news in immigration, global visa options, how to navigate PERM challenges, and Form I-9 and E-Verify compliance.

Mr. Loughran was a panelist on "The Future Workforce" at the 2013 InnoTech Austin, Technology & Innovation Conference held October 16, 2013.

Mr. Loughran presented to potential foreign investors in Israel on October 21-22, 2013, as a part of the Texas One delegation, which highlights Texas as a destination for economic development. His presentation focused on what to expect when facing immigration challenges while investing in the United States.

Mr. Loughran was a panelist at the Worldwide ERC Conference in Dallas, Texas, on October 24-25, 2013. Mr. Loughran shared his expertise on global immigration as it pertains to China.

Cyrus Mehta spoke on "U.S. Immigration and Tax Rules For Global Professionals" at the North American South Asian Bar Association's (NASABA) Tax & Immigration Webinar, October 24, 2013

Mr. Mehta also spoke on "Immigration Reform and Ethics" at the Statewide Meeting of the New York State Association of Disciplinary Attorneys, New York Country Lawyers' Association, in New York City on October 25, 2013.

Mr. Mehta co-authored a new blog entry. "I Pledge Allegiance: The Naturalization Oath and Dual Citizenship".

Pearl Law Group won the Bronze Stevie® Award in the 2013 International Business Awards for "Most Innovative Company of the Year" in North America. The firm was considered among more than 3,300 nominees in more than 50 nations.

Julie Pearl was a panelist for "Managing Global Business Traveler Compliance" at the Worldwide ERC Global Workforce Symposium in Dallas, Texas, on October 24, 2013.

Ms. Pearl spoke on Extended Business Travel at the November 8, 2013, meeting of the Southern California Relocation Council (SCRC) in Long Beach.

Bernard Wolfsdorf spoke on U.S. Investor and Entrepreneur Programs on November 21, 2013, at the Global Residence and Citizenship Conference at the Shangri-La Oriental Hotel in Miami, Florida.

Mr. Wolfsdorf hosted a free webinar on EB-5 Hot Topics on November 19, 2013.

Mr. Wolfsdorf spoke at the NAFSA Region XII Annual Conference on Visa Options for Entrepreneurial International Students in San Diego, California, held November 6, 2013.

Mr. Wolfsdorf spoke on the Consular Update Panel at the NAFSA Region XII Annual Conference in San Diego, California, on November 7, 2013.

Mr. Wolfsdorf spoke on "Hot Topics in Immigration Law" at the 26th Annual American Immigration Lawyers Association's California Chapters Conference on November 8, 2013, in Anaheim.

Mr. Wolfsdorf spoke on "Hot Topics in Immigration Law" at the American Bar Association's Young Lawyers Division conference in Arizona on October 11, 2013.

Stephen Yale-Loehr spoke on a panel discussing when F-1 foreign students can and cannot legally work off-campus at the NAFSA Region X conference on Wednesday, October 30, 2013, in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

Mr. Yale-Loehr co-authored "A Cumulative Analysis of What USCIS Looks For in EB-5 I-829 RFEs and Denials." The article originally appeared in 3 IIUSA Regional Center Bus. J. 9 (Oct. 2013).

Mr. Yale-Loehr was quoted in an article about a family's long wait for a green card, on October 27, 2013, on Syracuse.com. He noted that it usually takes more than a year for an overseas spouse to immigrate to the United States because of background and income checks. "It's very hard to expedite that process. Partly why we have illegal immigration is because it's so hard to immigrate legally."

Mr. Yale-Loehr was quoted in an article about a record fine being imposed against an Indian company for visa violations. "This complaint and large settlement should be a wake-up call to all employers that the government is serious about enforcing the H-1B visa regulations," he said. The article was published in the Wall Street Journal on October 29, 2013 and in the Wall Street Journal's MarketWatch on the same day.

Mr. Yale-Loehr was quoted in an article on MainJustice.com on October 8, 2013. In "Foreign Investor Visa Program May Pose FCPA Risks in China, Advisers Say," Mr. Yale-Loehr noted that the EB-5 program has been around since 1991, but has recently expanded exponentially, particularly with the start of the recession in late 2007 and 2008. "Interest in the program has increased overseas, particularly in China, as backlogs for other kinds of visas have also increased," he said.

 
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