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ITALY: Restrictions on Croatian Nationals; Exceptions

Croatia joined the European Union (EU) on July 1, 2013. Member States can maintain restrictions on the right of free movement of workers for citizens of "new" Member States during a transition term. In contrast to the first Italian program of integration of Croatia in the European Union, Italy has now announced that Croatian nationals are subject to some restrictions in accessing the Italian labor market. Restrictions will be lifted, however, for the following categories of Croatian workers:

  • Domestic workers
  • Seasonal workers employed in agriculture and tourism for one or more work contracts with a maximum duration of 9 months
  • Professional nurses, managers, athletes, circus workers, marine workers, artists, dancers, musicians, and all other categories of workers listed in article 27, clause 1 of the Italian Immigration Law, excluding university professors, interpreters, and translators
  • Researchers
  • Highly skilled workers
As of July 1, 2013, the categories of workers listed above can be hired as all other EU citizens. For all other workers, it is still necessary to apply for a work permit.

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